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Knowledge of dangerous goods consignments

Consignment of dangerous goods and related matters 1. Dangerous goods consignment booking all kinds of different risk characteristics must be separately handled booking Shanzhi consignment note, with ship to ship by a variety of different characteristics of dangerous goods in accordance with the "International Sea Freight Regulation "isolation requirements were stowed meteorite transport to facilitate safe. For example, while a letter of credit and contract out the operation oxidizer, flammable liquids and corrosive substances, three different types of goods must be checked by three different types of dangerous cargo Shanzhi three consignment note, a cut can not be a consignment note also check the nature of three incompatible dangerous goods; Otherwise, the ship will be three kinds of loading incompatible dangerous goods together, three different nature, incompatible with each other easily access the goods, produce chemical reaction, caused by combustion, explosion, causing the accident. The case of container transport, should not incompatible with the dangerous goods packed in a container. 2. Consignment note of Shanzhi. In addition to the common needs of the general content of common goods (such as: destination, marks, consignee, notify the person, name, weight, size, number, etc.), the dangerous goods shipping documents needed increase in the following seven elements: A. goods must be with the correct chemical name generic or technical name, can not use the goods that people are not familiar with the common name. For example: "chloride of lime or calcium hypochlorite," can not BLEACHING POWDER, but should use the "arsenic trioxide." B. DANGEROUS CARGO dangerous goods must indicate the words, in order to cause the ship and the ship agent‘s attention. C. must indicate the nature and type of dangerous goods. For example: oxidant (OXIDIZING AGENT) and 5.1 class (CLASS 5.1) words, or flammable liquids (INFLAMMABLE LIQUID) and 3.2 class (CLASS 3.2). D. The United Nations must be marked risk number, such as: phosphoric acid as the UN NO.1805. E. must be marked "International Sea Freight Regulations" page, for example: potassium nitrate as the IMDG CODE PAGE 5171. F. flash point flammable liquid must be identified, for example: FLASH PIONT 20 degrees Celsius. G. In addition, the required stowage when special requirements must also be indicated on the consignment note for the ship loading reference. For example: the cargo deck to be installed must be marked DECK SHIPMENT ONLY; take away from the fire source and heat source of the goods, should be specified FAR AWAY FROM FIRE AND HEAT! And so on.
United States of dangerous goods as dangerous goods with explosive, flammable, toxic, corrosive and radioactive nature of such special, in storage, handling and transport process, a little carelessly, personal safety, shipping and social environment can cause a very great harm. Countries around the world have strict import and export of such goods the provisions, especially the United States, management and stricter, more demanding, since 1991 the Guo Zi Wei Xian announced the implementation of rules on the carriage of goods import and export 新 regulations, Ru Wei Fan regulations will be punished by a fine of 10,000 U.S. dollars. 5 years ago, there are many provisions of the ship and cargo owners lack of understanding, was fined U.S. ports. Now an important part of the relevant provisions and practices are described below, for reference. First, the U.S. Department of Transportation of dangerous goods, the provisions of the Immigration Department of Transportation, where transported to the U.S. and in the U.S. or the transit of dangerous goods in transit should do the following: 1, shipping documents, bills of lading, manifest, the shipper must indicate emergency phone numbers, and requires 24 hours hand, regardless of holidays, the U.S. side is ready to answer queries. 2, consignment note, bill of lading, cargo manifest, the name must provide detailed chemical dangerous goods technical name, but can not use common names in general. For example: calcium hypochlorite or bleaching powder, can not use BLEACHING POWDER, but should use calcium hypochlorite CALCIUM HYPOCHIORITE, plus a number of levels. 3, the shipper by the carrier should be forwarded to the U.S. port authorities and emergency handling of dangerous goods to provide full details of that dangerous goods safety information card, or provide the United States Department of Transportation‘s emergency response guidance. 4, container transportation, loading cargo box every 20 feet maximum weight limit of 38,000 pounds; every 40 feet up inside the cargo weight limit of 42,000 pounds. Box must liner, tied properly; boxes and boxes of goods to be posted outside the four-side eye-catching signs and markings of dangerous goods. Second, dangerous goods safety information card, fill in content security cards, English as MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET, similar to our current "dangerous goods technical specifications", but the content more and more careful, more demanding and more comprehensive. It consists of nine parts, with each part there are a number of small items, fill out the required one by one. This is part 9: 1, Overview of dangerous goods mainly refers to the name, classification, molecular formula, etc., and the manufacturer‘s name, address, telephone and so on. Elements required by that date can not be left to the United States at any time check. CAS NO which is the American Chemical Society chemicals registration number, for example: acid CAS NO. 144-62-7, 2 barium fluoride, CAS NO.7787-32-8, this preparation may require the importer to provide. 2, the risk element will be the main ingredients of dangerous goods and the proportion of various components set out in detail. Toxic substances, need to specify the toxicity, such as: semi-lethal dose rat tests and so forth. 3, refers to the physical characteristics of the physical and chemical properties of dangerous goods, which include boiling point, vapor density, evaporation rate, the proportion of more volatile. 4, fire and explosion data includes the U.S. Department of Transport of dangerous goods classification, within a point of flammable liquids, explosive limits, the risk of accidental fires and explosions, as well as when the fire special fire fighting tools and measures. 5, information on health risks of dangerous goods refers to the situation of human health hazards, such as oral or skin contact with body limit circles, and excessive exposure to the risk of exposure by the light, as well as first aid measures when the harm occurred. 6, reactions that chemical reactions of dangerous goods, there is the stability of the article, incompatible substances, toxic sub-mediated hydrolyzate, aggregation and other harmful content. 7, means the process of infiltration excess packaging of dangerous goods damaged or leaking packages when installed been kept full, removable tops loose and fluid overflow when the counter-measures and disposal methods. 8, special protection measures that respiratory protection, eye protection, ventilation requirements, protective gloves and other protective equipment. 9, special preventive measures that handling, storage, transportation and other precautions in case of preventive measures. 9 part of the required range, are indispensable. The United States is a very strict rule of law country, attaches great importance to the management of dangerous goods, "safety information card" in the contents of the cargo handling, transport operation and accident handling time basis, and therefore must be careful filling in this card, take full account of authoritative technical and legal factors to take preventive measures.
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